Do you know the enamel from your dentine??

Know the ins and outs of your Teeth

Teeth – we all have them. Throughout our lifetime we will have 2 sets of teeth and the longer we keep them the better. As anyone with dentures will tell you there is nothing like your own teeth.

Your teeth are not there just for eating. They have a variety of jobs including helping you to speak and make different sounds, they help to cut and chew your food, as well as giving your face its shape.

What holds your teeth in?

Teeth are held in place by the bone in your jaw.  Only a third of the tooth is visible, the part you see when you smile.  The rest is hidden in the jawbone under the gum.  It is important to keep your teeth and gums clean.  If you fail to do this you will develop Gum Disease. The gum around the teeth becomes inflamed, sore and may bleed.  If the Gum Disease isn’t treated then it could develop into Periodontal Disease, an infection of the teeth, gums and bone around the teeth.  The infection slowly eats the bone away making your teeth become loose.

What makes up a tooth?

The crown part of the tooth you see is covered by enamel, the hardest substance in the body. Although incredibly strong, we need to help it stay this way by limiting the amount of sugary food and drinks we have.

The layer under the enamel is dentine. This is the softer part of the tooth and yellow in colour.  You may notice that in areas where the gum has receded the tooth exposed is more yellow compared to the part of the tooth originally showing.  This is because the dentine on the root is exposed which isn’t protected by enamel.  You may also notice this area being more sensitive than others.  Again, as this is not protected by enamel.

The next is the pulp, nerves and blood vessels.  This is what makes your tooth alive (you will feel sensitivity, pain possibly on biting, hot and cold).  If the tooth was dead you wouldn’t feel any of these.

What is plaque?

Plaque is the sticky, white layer that forms constantly on and around your teeth.  It is the acids from the plaque that causes dental decay which is why it is so important to remove this daily, keeping your teeth squeaky clean.

What is the best way to keep your teeth clean?

Blue Sky Dental recommends that you brush your teeth twice a day using a small headed toothbrush, with soft to medium textured bristles.  Make sure you brush for 2 minutes each time using a fluoride toothpaste.  Plaque and food can get trapped between the teeth too so this needs to be removed daily using either floss or interdental brushes.  For children only use a pea sized amount of toothpaste and spit, do not rinse your mouth after.  This ensures that the fluoride in the toothpaste stays on your teeth as long as possible.

Our Hygienists here at Blue Sky can help you keep your teeth for a long time.  They can provide professional teeth cleaning and advice.  Call us today on 01245 211070.

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